London Tube Map

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Central Line

Map Colour: Red
Year Operated: 1900
Year Opened: 1856
Year Named: 1900
Length: 46 Miles (73.6km)
Journeys: 199,000,000 / year
Stations: West Ruislip
Ruislip Gardens
South Ruislip
Northolt
Greenford
Perivale
Hanger Lane
Ealing Broadway
West Acton
North Acton
East Acton
White City
Shepherd's Bush
Holland Park
Notting Hill Gate
Queensway
Lancaster Gate
Marble Arch
Bond Street
Oxford Circus
Tottenham Court Road
Holborn
Chancery Lane
St. Paul's
Bank
Liverpool Street
Bethnal Green
Mile End
Stratford
Leyton
Leytonstone
Snaresbrook
South Woodford
Woodford
Wanstead
Redbridge
Gants Hill
Newbury Park
Barkingside
Fairlop
Hainault
Grange Hill
Chigwell
Roding Valley
Buckhurst Hill
Loughton
Debden
Theydon Bois
Epping

The Central Line runs east to west across London and is represented on the London Tube Map by a red line.  20 of the line's 49 stations are below ground and at 46 miles it is the longest and second busiest line in the London Underground.

Initially operated by electric locomotives, the line was opened in June 1900 after years of delays and extensions. The Central London Railway was incorporated in1891 but the completion date was moved back twice, in 1894 and 1899.

London Tube Map - Central LineImage from the Central Line Article on Wikipedia.

The tunnels that form the underground part of the Central Line were originally 11 feet 8¼ inches in diameter which was increased on the curved sections but trimmed to 11 feet 6 inches closer to the stations.  The 45 ton locomotives caused problems with vibration.

The tunnels were re-aligned and expanded in the 1930s and at the same time that the stations themselves were lengthened, and the line was converted to the standard four-rail electrical layout in 1940, but the tubes themselves were no longer round (because of how they had been enlarged) leading to some minor differences with the electrical rails.

These variations meant that the Central Line stock could not run on any other line, and the oddities can still be seen today - the insulating pots on the positive rail being placed on small concrete mounds to provide the extra height needed.